CORE has members in four continents (see the CORE member listings). In order to register domains, CORE members compete in an open environment. There are no territorial assignments and the customers can freely choose the CORE member they want to do business with. Moreover, after registering a name, registrant can change the CORE member.
The CORE Secretariat is based in Geneva, Switzerland. The secretariat is in charge of activities that have to be handled centrally. The secretariat must treat all members equally and does redirect a customer to any specific CORE member. Inquiries and requests for registrations should not be directed to the Secretariat but directly to a CORE member.
The new domains
CORE has been launched in order to create the following seven new generic top-level domains:
- .firm For businesses or firms
- .shop For businesses offering goods/services to purchase
- .web For entities or groups providing activities or services related to the World Wide Web
- .arts For entities/groups in culture and entertainment
- .rec For groups/organizations in recreation
- .info Information services
- .nom For people wanting to register their own name
The memorandum of understanding
CORE was created in October 1997 as a result of a rigorous process of global consensus launched by the Internet Society and the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority in fall 1996. The process started with the creation of the International Ad Hoc Committee (IAHC) to develop concepts for the registration of Internet domain names in a new era of deregulation and self-governance.
The Policy Oversight Committee succeeded IAHC. It developed specific plans for a global infrastructure for adding and administering new names, with CORE as the non-profit administrator of the gTLDs - the suffixes that serve as addresses to route mail and data on the Internet and help create an identity for each user wherever they may be. The concepts were formalized into the gTLD Memorandum or Understanding(gTLD-MoU), a working dynamic document and global constitution that clearly defines issues of authority, protocol, competition and growth in the domainname system.
There are already more than 200 signatories to the gTLD Memorandum of Understanding, including companies and organizations from around the world, such as: MCI Communications, Bell Canada, Digital Equipment Corp. (DEC), Internet Society(ISOC), Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), Internet Policy Oversight Committee (POC), Internet Software Consortium, European Telecommunications Standard Institute, France Telecom, Internet Society of Australia, International Trademark Association, Swiss Federal Institute of Intellectual Property, Tokyo Internet Corp. and the Internet Societies of Geneva, Vienna, Israel, Japan, Ghana, Norway, Mexico and Thailand.